From “ATLAS export declaration” to “Authorised Economic Operator”

We have listed here some of the most important words and terms from the world of customs clearance. If you have any questions, please do not hesitate to contact us!

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ATLAS electronic export declaration

An electronic export declaration must be generated for goods over 1000 EUR in value and/or weighing 1000 kg. You can complete this at the border.
For goods over 3000 EUR in value, an electronic export application must be made to your customs office (inland customs office) 24 hours before loading. The goods may only be loaded once you have received the ATLAS export as a PDF file.

ATLAS electronic import declaration

Import customs clearance in the EC.

T.I.R. Carnet

Special transit procedure through several countries.

e-dec import

Import customs clearance in Switzerland.

EORI numbers

These 7-figure customs numbers are an identification or administrative code, which record the address details of the party and, if necessary, the authorisations issued by customs officials as well as the network links to which the party has access are filed (within the provisions of data protection legislation).

Economic operators or traders must give a customs number. Economic operators are defined as parties who undertake activities that fall under customs law as part of their business operations.

In customs declarations, the EORI numbers of the following persons must be quoted:

  • the declarant and his representative
  • the consignee when importing
  • the consignor/exporter and sub-contractor when dispatching/exporting
  • the principal

Parties living abroad must also declare a customs number.

Other people as economic operators (private individuals) are not obliged to give a customs number in customs applications, even if they are directly represented by a service provider (e.g. post or express service provider). However, private individuals must give a customs number for all exports for which authorisation is required.

You can apply for your EORI number at

NCTS (New Computerised Transit System) export

Export customs clearance from Switzerland.

Transit procedures

T1 is for the movement of goods through an EC member state to a final destination country, where the final customs duties will be charged. It also applies for movements of goods for which the importer wishes to pay duty on at his own plant or through his forwarding agent.

T2 is for the movement of goods from one EU member state to another member state via Switzerland (e.g. from Germany to Italy).

Temporary clearance

Goods are only imported and exported temporarily for test purposes, for exhibition, repair, etc.

Authorised Economic Operator (AEO)

The abbreviation “AEO” stands for “Authorised Economic Operator”. Given the international importance of the certificate, it has increasingly replaced the German abbreviation “ZWB” (“Zugelassener Wirtschaftsbeteiligter”).

Background: Increasing globalisation and an altered international security situation have prompted the World Customs Organisation (WCO) to draw up global framework conditions for modern and effective risk management in customs administration. This is called the “Framework of Standards to Secure and Facilitate Global Trade” (SAFE).

On a European level, the security aspects of SAFE have been implemented by making changes to security in the Customs Code and in the Customs Code Implementing Provision. The introduction of the AEO (Authorised Economic Operator) is an essential element in the EU security concept.

Source information: This is an extract from FAQ zum Thema AEO. Further information can also be found at